According to Iqbal, there are five elements in the Islamic conception of God. In other words, from an Islamic point of view, anyone who sets out in search of God is likely to form the following concepts:
- God is Eternal: everything passes away; God alone is eternal and immortal.
- God is Powerful: God has absolute power over everything, and His power does not contradict His other traits.
- God is Knowing: God has complete knowledge of everything, and this implies that the way we learn things as human being cannot be the only mode of knowing, because our knowledge is not comparable with that of God.
- God is Creative: His creation is also unlike ours, because we create from material already available to us whereas God’s creativity is obviously free from every limitation.
- God is the Infinite Ego: God is not the name of a mere energy pervading through the Universe. Despite being Infinite, He has a personality.
Much has been written about Iqbal’s concept of God, and much more can be written, but these are the five basic points in the Islamic conception of God as explained in the third lecture of The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam (1930/34). Of course, the more urgent question is whether Iqbal suggests any particular method for realizing these aspects of God’s existence.